Learning English Grammar In Focus

english grammar blog: learning english grammar for english learners as second language - indonesia.

04 November 2014

English has its own unique patterns. It differs from other languages. To understand the pattern (structure) of English Language, we should know deeply how simple, basic & fundamental pattern in English constructs. What I want to show you this time is how Indonesian people comprehend English pattern based on their dialectical district language, such as, Javanese, Sundanese, Padangese, Bataknesse and Baliness which have specific dialect in their communication.

The simple, basic and fundamental pattern which I mean:
  • Nominal Pattern, and

  • Verbal Pattern.

Nominal Pattern shows how words are constructed based on two main position; As a subject and a predicate. Subject tends to show who does the deed or action and, Predicate is the object of the doer. As an object, in this case,  is not object in its function/uses or position. It is the way for us to understand how predicate means to be.

Further, predicate must contain; Noun, Noun Phrase, Adjective or Adverb. Those are what make it different of Verbal pattern.

For Example:

She is a dancer.
/Dancer/ is a noun. Then, the phrase /a dancer/ is the predicate.

I am a good student.
/a good student/ is the predicate - /good student/ is noun phrase.

The student is lazy.
/Lazy/ is an adjective. Then, /lazy/ makes a predicate.

We are here.
/Here/ is an adverb (of place). Then, /here/ is the predicate.

In other words, Nominal patterns need predicate as a NON-VERB to construct. Therefore, to be or be, such as, am, is, are, was, were is used.

In Verbal Pattern, we do not use noun, adverb, adjective or noun phrase as the predicate, but we use Verb (pure verb - lexical verb).

For Example:

I play football.
/Play/ is the predicate as a Verb.

We like it.
/like/ is a verb. Then, it makes predicate.

Conclusion:
Sentence or patterns must consist two main things: Subject & Predicate.
Which one is nominal and verbal pattern?
It depends on the predicate!
When predicate is NON-VERB, it makes Nominal. And, when predicate is PURE VERB, it makes Verbal.

Now, find some sentences (Nominal or Verbal) in own your passages to practice!
Enjoy ^_^

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