English Grammar In Focus
Learning English Grammar As A Foreign Language

date: March 22, 2010

LETTERS AND WORDS

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Grammar & Conversation Lengkap
Alphabetic is different of letters. Alphabetic discusses a group of letters from A to Z. Letters is the other way to classify the alphabetic into two types, they are;

1.Vowel
2.Consonant


Vowels will refer to letter /a/, /i/, /u/, /e/ and /o/. And, Consonants are out of vowels, like b,c,d,f,g,h,j,k,l,m,n,p,q,r,s,t,v,w,x,y and z. Both letters are classified for other important analysis in English Language, say, Syllables aspects, stress in pronouncing a word, etc.

Letters are commonly used to build a word. In other words, letters create a word. In Indonesian language, word is a group of letters (either vowel or consonant) which are combined and has a certain meaning so that it can be apprehended by most of people. In English, Article (e.g. /a/, /an/ and /the/) is also a word. It is because it has a function and a certain meaning. Is it a structural-meaning word? Yes, That's true. But when someone say with an article inside of one's sentence, others will understand why he or she puts an article in what he or she is saying. In other words, article has a certain meaning even though it is not as clear as others (lexical-meaning words), like /good/, /home/, /speak/, etc.
So, all structural-meaning words are words.


This below is not a word. So, Take notice!

/Sheytheiimmkl/

Why? Isn't it a group or letters combined each other?. Yes!, that's a group of word but it doesn't have a certain meaning which is apprehensible.
So, A group of letters will be called a word when their combination can make a certain meaning by most of people.

WORDS

Words are elements of a sentence. Words creates an expression that can be understood by others. Words are devided into 10 main parts, they are;

1.Noun
2.Pronoun
3.adjective
4.Adverb
5.Verb
6.Preposition
7.Conjunction
8.Article
9.Auxilliary
10.Question words


Most of them are included in Parts of speech, they are;

1.Noun
2.Pronoun
3.adjective
4.Adverb
5.Verb
6.Preposition
7.Conjunction
8.Article


Generally, a word can be learnt from a dictionary. Word is devided into two:

1.Pure Word
2.Derived word
3.Formation of Word


Pure word is a word which has no similarities or doesn't look like others. It can stand alone as one unit without addition or suffixes on it, e.g. take, bread, wait, say, phone, paper, pen, plane, etc.
Derived word is a word as one free unit but it is derived from others either from original English word or foreign words.

For examples:

Criteria

Criteria is not from Original English Word but it is derived from a foreign word, i.e. greek.
Here are some of derives words found in English Language;

anthropos = anthropology
autos = autonomy, autocrat, etc
geo = geology
bios = biology, biography
idios = idiom
phone = phonology, phonograph, telephone
zoon = zoology, zodiac
rheo = rheumatic, diarrhoea
polis = policy, police, politic
logos = dialogue
kratos = democrat, aristocrat
deka = decade
etc.

Formation of word is a word which can be formed by adding, omitting or infixing a letter or more, in the beginning or end of the word even adding an infix.

For examples:

Certain ---> encertain (en-)
certain ---> certainty (-ty)

possible ---> impossible (im-)
possible ---> possibility (infixing /-i-/ and change /-e/ into /-i/.)

(im)possib(i)l(i)ty
possible ---> impossibility

Besides, word can be added a certain suffix, like:

-Ness in kind ---> kindness
-ful in care ---> careful
-fy in beauty ---> beautify
-dom in free or wise ---> freedom, wisedom
-ing in speak ---> speaking
-less in wire ---> wireless
-tion in compose ---> composition
-sion in decide ---> decision
-ce in silent ---> silence
-ance in attend ---> attendance
-able in reason ---> reasonable

I wish I could write here more about formation of words and its classification as detailed as possible.
Some other time, perhaps .... See ya!



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