English Grammar In Focus
Learning English Grammar As A Foreign Language

date: April 23, 2010

VERB PATTERN (VP4-VP6)

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Grammar & Conversation Lengkap



VP4 : SUBJECT + VERB + INDIRECT OBJECT + DIRECT OBJECT

In this pattern, the direct and indirect object placed behind the verb.

Study This follows!






For example:

The boy gives the girl a beuatiful flower.

In the sentence above, /the girl/ is indirect object and /a beuatiful flower/ is direct object. However, the structure of the object can be changed like this below.

The boy gives a beautiful flower to the girl.

From the change above, we can see that there is /to/ between direct object /a beautiful flower/ and indirect object /the girl/. The use of the /to/ is not a must. We can use /for/ in other cases, like:

- My girl friend makes coffee for me, or
- My girl friend makes me coffee.

In other words, the addition of /to/ or /for/ depends on the characteristic of the verb. This pattern is also called as Verb Pattern Five.

VP5 : SUBJECT + VERB + DIRECT OBJECT + PREPOSITION (TO/FOR) + INDIRECT OBJECT



Take notice that we can use pronoun (Objective Pronoun, like /me/, /you/, /us/, etc) to substitute the Indirect Object.

For example:

- He lent all of the boys dictionary, or
- He lent them dictionary.

VP6 : SUBJECT + VERB + NOUN/PRNOUN + ADJECTIVE



For example:


He sweeps the floor clean.

The position of adjective /clean/ is behind the noun or pronoun. This is caused by the characteristic of the verb /sweeps/. In other words, only certain verbs can do like this.

When pronoun is used, the sentence will be like this below!

He made me sad.

/me/ is an objective pronoun and adjective /sad/ is placed behind it.
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