USAGE: The Past simple is used to express something happens in the past time.
KEY: Use Be-Past (was, were) behind the Subjects!, like;
Dia (Selain Orang)
I was ill yesterday. ( Saya sakit kemarin )
You were a soldier two years ago. ( Kamu seorang prajurit 2 thn yang
We were hungry at that time. ( Kami lapar waktu itu)
They were late last week. ( Mereka terlambat minggu kemarin )
She was here ten years ago. ( Dia disini 10 thn yang lalu )
He was at home yesterday. ( Dia dirumah saja kemarin )
It was my experience. (itulah pengalaman saya. ).
Be-present or be-past have some similarities. They just have a difference about when they are used in a sentence. It concerns with the spesific time.
(+) he was late to attend the meeting yesterday.
(--) he was not late to attend the meeting yesterday.
(?) was he late to attend the meeting yesterday?
KEY: Use the second Verb or the past form verb (Verb-II) to make a verbal simple past tense form! The past form verb can be looked at the table of Irregular and Regular verbs.
One of the members of English Conversation Club in Delta English Course
won the quiz yesterday.
V.II Object Adverb of Time.
(Salah satu anggota Klub Percakapan Bahasa Inggris Kursus Bahasa Inggris Delta memenangkan kuis tersebut kemarin).
KEY: Use the past form verb!
He missed the train. (miss, missed)
They caught in traffic jam yesterday. (catch, caught)
Delta’s students had a journey two months ago. (have/has, had)
Alvian did the homework perfectly. (do/does, did)
My aunt bought a lot of fruits in her basket.
KEY: Use the Auxilliary “Did + not” ( or, “didn’t” ) to make a negative form. When ‘did not’ is used, the past form verb turns into the first or the present form verb.
He did not miss the train. (missed, miss)
They did not catch in traffic jam yesterday. (caught, catch)
Delta’s students did not have a journey two months ago. (had, have)
Alvian did not do the homework perfectly. (did, do)
My aunt did not buy a lot of fruits in her basket. (bought, buy).
KEY: Put the Auxilliary “Did” (without ”not”) to make an interrogative form. When ‘did is used, the past form verb turns into the first or the present form verb.
Did he miss the train? (missed, miss)
Did they catch in traffic jam yesterday? (caught, catch)
Did Delta’s students have a journey two months ago? (had, have)
QUESTION WORDS AND PAST SIMPLE
What did you say? ( apa yang kau bilang tadi? )
Where did she go yesterday afternoon? ( kemana dia pergi kemarin
When did you come? ( kapan dia datang? )
How did you make it? ( bagaimana cara kau membuatnya? )
Who was absent yesterday? ( siapa yang tidak hadir kemarin? )
Where were you at that time? ( dimana kamu saat itu? )
What time did you close the shop? ( jam berapa kamu menutup toko
What did you do in the party last month? ( apa yang kau lakukan di
Pesta bulan lalu?)
When was the girl in? ( kapan gadis itu masuk? )
Why did they blame us? ( mengapa mereka menyalahkan kita? )
What made you angry? ( apa yang membuat kau marah? )
Who spoke to you at the midnight? ( siapa yang berbicara padamu
Pada tengah malam itu? )
ADVERB OF TIME
USAGE: adverb of time is one of the adverbs to indicate an exact time when something done. It usually concerns with the tenses being used.
KEY: There are two kinds of adverb of time in English, they are; stand-alone adverb and the formation of adverb of time.
Stand-alone adverb of time
Yesterday, now, today, tomorrow, later, someday, etc.
Formation of adverb of time
Adverb of time can be formed from the combination of “then name of time” and a certain word.
A certain word + name of time = adverb of time
At noon, at night, at the midnight, in the middle of the night, At 04.30 a.m., in the morning, in the afternoon, in the night, in the evening, at this moment, at present, nowadays, this day, that day, at that time, next time, next year, last week, four days ago, on the previous day, in the following day, in the future, in the past time, once, one day, once upon a time, a long time ago, on the coming Sunday, Monday afternoon, Saturday night, by the end of 2009, in 2007, day and night, day by day, month to month year after year, …….., etc.