English Grammar In Focus
Learning English Grammar As A Foreign Language

date: August 14, 2012

Simple Past Tense

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Grammar & Conversation Lengkap
USAGE: The Past simple is used to express something happens in the past time.

NOMINAL SENTENCE

KEY: Use Be-Past (was, were) behind the Subjects!, like;

SUBJECT
BE-PAST
I

Saya

Was

You
Kamu/kalian
Were
We
Kami/kita
Were
They
Mereka
Were
He
Dia (LK)
Was
She
Dia (PR)
Was
It
Dia (Selain Orang)
Was

For Examples:

            I was ill yesterday. ( Saya sakit kemarin )
            You were a soldier two years ago. ( Kamu seorang prajurit  2 thn yang
lalu )
            We were hungry at that time. ( Kami lapar waktu itu)
They were late last week. ( Mereka terlambat minggu kemarin )
She was here ten years ago. ( Dia disini 10 thn yang lalu )
He was at home yesterday. ( Dia dirumah saja kemarin )
It was my experience. (itulah pengalaman saya. ).

Be-present or be-past have some similarities. They just have a difference about when they are used in a sentence. It concerns with the spesific time.
(+)        he was late to attend the meeting yesterday.
(--)        he was not late to attend the meeting yesterday.
(?)        was he late to attend the meeting yesterday?

VERBAL SENTENCE
KEY: Use the second Verb or the past form verb (Verb-II) to make a verbal simple past tense form! The past form verb can be looked at the table of Irregular and Regular verbs.
SUBJECT
VERB-II
OBJECT/ADVERB/COMPLEMENT
For Examples;

One of the members of English Conversation Club in Delta English Course
Subject
won      the quiz             yesterday.
V.II       Object              Adverb of Time.

(Salah satu anggota Klub Percakapan Bahasa Inggris Kursus Bahasa Inggris Delta memenangkan kuis tersebut kemarin).
Positive Sentence
KEY: Use the past form verb!

For Examples;

            He missed the train. (miss, missed)
            They caught in traffic jam yesterday. (catch, caught)
            Delta’s students had a journey two months ago. (have/has, had)
            Alvian did the homework perfectly. (do/does, did)
            My aunt bought a lot of fruits in her basket.

Negative Sentence

KEY: Use the Auxilliary “Did + not” ( or, “didn’t” ) to make a negative form. When ‘did not’ is used, the past form verb turns into the first or the present form verb.

For Examples;

            He did not miss the train. (missed, miss)
            They did not catch in traffic jam yesterday. (caught,  catch)
            Delta’s students did not have a journey two months ago. (had, have)
            Alvian did not do the homework perfectly. (did, do)
            My aunt did not buy a lot of fruits in her basket. (bought, buy).

Negative Sentence

KEY: Put the Auxilliary “Did”  (without ”not”) to make an interrogative form. When ‘did is used, the past form verb turns into the first or the present form verb.

For Examples;
            Did he miss the train? (missed, miss)
            Did they catch in traffic jam yesterday? (caught,  catch)
            Did Delta’s students have a journey two months ago? (had, have)

QUESTION WORDS AND PAST SIMPLE

For Examples;

            What did you say? ( apa yang kau bilang tadi? )
            Where did she go yesterday afternoon? ( kemana dia pergi kemarin
 sore? )
            When did you come? ( kapan dia datang? )
            How did you make it? ( bagaimana cara kau membuatnya? )
            Who was absent yesterday? ( siapa yang tidak hadir kemarin? )
            Where were you at that time? ( dimana kamu saat itu? )
            What time did you close the shop? ( jam berapa kamu menutup toko
itu? )
            What did you do in the party last month? ( apa yang kau lakukan di
Pesta bulan lalu?)
            When was the girl in? ( kapan gadis itu masuk? )
Why did they blame us? ( mengapa mereka menyalahkan kita? )
            What made you angry? ( apa yang membuat kau marah? )
            Who spoke to you at the midnight? ( siapa yang berbicara padamu
Pada tengah malam itu? )
ADVERB OF TIME
USAGE: adverb of time is one of the adverbs to indicate an exact time when something done. It usually concerns with the tenses being used.
KEY: There are two kinds of adverb of time in English, they are; stand-alone adverb and the formation of adverb of time.

Stand-alone adverb of time
For Examples;

            Yesterday, now, today, tomorrow, later, someday, etc.

Formation of adverb of time
            Adverb of time can be formed from the combination of “then name of time” and a certain word.
            A certain word + name of time = adverb of time
For Examples;
At noon, at night, at the midnight, in the middle of the night, At 04.30 a.m., in the morning, in the afternoon, in the night, in the evening, at this moment, at present, nowadays, this day, that day, at that time, next time, next year, last week, four days ago, on the previous day, in the following day, in the future, in the past time, once, one day, once upon a time, a long time ago, on the coming Sunday, Monday afternoon, Saturday night, by the end of 2009, in 2007, day and night, day by day, month to month year after year, …….., etc.

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