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30 January 2010

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

USAGE
Simple present tense is used when we would like to express something that we usually, often, always do everyday, e.g. I usually visit the museum with my uncle, or in our daily activities, e.g. I go to the museum every sunday, or something true according to all or most of people around us.


Read this following paragraph carefully!

Anton is a deligent student in Farming-School. He always comes in time and his teachers like him very much. Mrs.Queen, his biology teacher, often praises him in school meeting every saturday. he always achieve the best award in BSA (Best Student Award) annually held by regent of Jakarta.

when we read the paragraph above, we will find 5 sentences that indicates the present simple, they are:

1. Anton is a deligent student in farming-school.
2. He always comes in time.
3. His teachers like him very much.
4. Mrs.Queen, his biology teacher,  often praises him in school meeting every saturday.
5. He always achieve the best award in BSA ......


The word always, often, every ... or the use of "be-present" in a sentence is some of the indicators of Simple Present Tense.



SENTENCE-BUILDING
There are two kinds of present simple in English. they are: Read more ......



1.Nominal Sentence
2.Verbal Sentence

Look at this following example:



Notice that the underlined words are the indicator of simple present form. we call them " Predicate".
So, What's the differences?

Look at this picture below!




From the picture above we can see that Predicate is devided into two types, they are:

1. Nominal Predicate, and
2. Verbal Predicate

When the Predicate (in a sentence) is a noun, pronoun, noun phrase, adjective or adverb, the sentence will be called "Nominal Sentence" and the BE "is" must be used then. However, when the predicate is a Verb, the sentence will be called "Verbal Sentence".

Look at this following example:




What about the Be? Should it be used in a verbal sentence? (Click here to find out!)

NOMINAL SENTENCE

There are 3 kinds of "BE" in simple present tense. they are called "Be-Present". Remember that every subjects has their own partners, they are:




Here's how to make the form of simple present tense:



(+) His father is an engineer.
(-)  His Father is not an engineer. (Put "Not" behind the Be to make a negative sentence!)
(?) Is his father an engineer?

Negative-Notation :

I am not = I'm not
You are not = you're not = you aren't
we are not = we're not = we aren't
they are not = they're not = they aren't
he is not = he's not = he isn't
she is not = she's not = she isn't
it is not = it's not = it isn't

VERBAL SENTENCE




(+) Uncle Tom Works for ABC Company.
(-)  Uncle Tom doesn't work for ABC Company.
(?) Does Uncle Tom work for ABC Company?

Take notice that there are 2 notes to understand the verbal sentence in simple present tense, they are:

1. The form of Verb.
2. The Auxilliary Verb

(1) When the subject is one of these, like He, She or It or all of the singular noun (except, "I"), then we use the suffix "S" or "ES" behind the verb. But when the subject is one of these, like I, you, we or they or plural noun (including "I"), then we do not use the suffix "S" or "ES".



(2) Omit the suffix when the sentence is changed into NEGATIVE OR INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE!




(3) Use the auxilliary-verb "DO" when the subject is I, You, We, Or They. And Use the auxilliary-verb "DOES" when the subject is He, She, Or it.



Note:

do not = don't
does not = doesn't

(4) Place the DO or the DOES at the beginning of the verbal sentence to make an interrogative sentence!


Examples:



"S" or "ES" ?

We use "ES" when :
1. The sentence is in Positive, the subject is one of these, like He, She, or It.
2. The verb's end-letter must be "x", "o", "s", "ss", "ch", "sh" and some "y".

Examples:

The mechanic fixes the bike ( fix + es -------> fixes)
Linda goes to school early. (go + es ------> goes)
My mother watches TV tonight. (watch + es --------> watches)
Little mary washes the dishes. (wash + es -----> washes)
The child cries. (cry + es ------> cries, where the "y" moves to "i")




Note : When the Verb's end-letter is a combination of letters like, /-ry/ then use "ES" and change "y" into "i".

Take notice this carefully!
The student paies for the school-fee. (pay ----> paies = FALSE)
The student pays for the school-fee. (pay ----> pays = TRUE)

Note : Pronounce /IZ/ for "ES", except "o".

Beside the rules above, use only "S" behind the Verb!.....

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