Look and study at this following table!
The pronoun like; /I/, /you/, /we/, /they/, /he/, or /she/ is used for Personal Pronoun, and the pronoun /It/ is used for Impersonal pronoun.
KEY: Subject is the Doer. It determines the Predicate ( Verb, adjective, adverb, noun, noun phrase or pronoun ). No subject means no sentence!. Subject is commonly placed at the beginning, or before the verb of a sentence, like;
I see the moon.
They hold a meeting three times a year.
I and they are called “ Subjective Pronoun “. They are two of pronoun as a subject. However, noun or noun phrase can be a subject, like;
The house is very large.
Mrs. Anthony lives in a beautiful cottage.
My English teacher likes reading “Mamamia” magazine.
We also can say that;
It is very large.
She lives in a beautiful cottage.
She likes reading “Mamamia” magazine.
KEY: Object is the Result of what subject does. Object is commonly placed after the bare infinitive, especially after Transitive Verb.
Transitive Verb is a kind of verb which requires an object ( in this case, Objective Pronoun, like; /me/, /you/, /us/, /them/, /him/, /her/, or /it/ ), like;
Help, cook, watch, buy, leave, eat, read, listen, take, make, call, join,etc
Tono helps me lift the table.
(Tono membantu saya mengangkat meja itu)
The girl leaves him alone.
(Anak perempuan itu meninggalkan dia sendirian).
An old man watches them every midnight..
( Seorang laki-laki tua mengawasi mereka setiap tengah malam ).
He doesn’t join us any longer.
( Dia tidak bergabung dengan kita lagi ).
I want to buy it for you.
( Saya ingin membelikan itu/ini untuk kamu ).
Besides, we can also use noun or noun phrase as an object, like;
We take this basket to the garage.
( Kami membawa keranjang ini ke garasi )
Intransitive Verb doesn’t need an object. The verb /Go/, /dance/, /sleep/, /stay/, or /live/, etc is some of the Intransitive Verbs.
Liza dances beautifully.
Mukhlisin goes to Tanjung Karang.
Take notice that the word /beautifully/ or /to Tajung Karang/ is not an object, but they are adverb of manner and adverb of place.
The words after the Intransitive verb below are not the objects. But they are complements ( Pelengkap ). We can make it by using this formation, that is, “ Preposition + Objective pronoun.
Liza dances with him.
( Liza menari bersamanya.)
Mukhlisin goes to Tanjung Karang with me.
( Mukhlisin pergi ke Tanjung Karang bersamaku.)
KEY: Possessive adjective is a kind of pronoun which modifies possession (Kepemilikan) of a noun or thing.
My younger brother Daus loves to play guitar.
( Adik laki-laki saya Daus suka sekali bermain gitar )
The man wants to see your father.
( Orang itu ingin bertemu ayahmu )
She cares of her pet very much.
( Dia sangat menyayangi hewan piaraannya.)
Their car is new and expensive.
( Mobil mereka baru dan mahal.)
Silvia Anggraeni is my pretty younger sister.
( Silvia Anggraeni adalah adik-perempuanku yang cantik.)
Mr.Solihin finds our bags.
( Pak Solihin menemukan tas-tas kita.)
KEY: Possession is a kind of possessive pronoun which does not require a noun or thing to form it, but possession includes it.
This book is mine.
( Buku ini adalah kepunyaanku.)
I want to be yours.
( Aku ingin menjadi milikmu.)
it’s not his!
(Ini bukanlah kepunyaannya.)
KEY: Reflexive pronoun is a kind of pronoun which places itself as a reflexive or an adjective and modifies a subject.
I myself invite him to our sister’s wedding-party.
( Saya sendiri yang mengundangnya ke pesta pernikahan saudara perempuan kita)
He sees himself in the mirror.
( Dia melihat dirinya (sendiri) di cermin.)
Relexive pronoun can be followed by preposition “/by/”, which has the same meaning as “ alone “ (Sendirian), like;
The old woman lives in the country by herself. or,
The old woman lives in the country alone.
(Perempuan tua itu hidup di dusun sendirian.)
/-self/ is different of /-selves/. /-self/ is in singular form and /-selves/ is in plural. In this case, you or your positions itself both in singular and plural.
You yourself decide it.. ( You : kamu, anda ----- singular )
You yourselves decide it. ( You : kalian ------------- plural )