English Grammar In Focus
Learning English Grammar As A Foreign Language

date: February 16, 2010

SIMPLE SENTENCE (STEP 2-B)

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 Based on 3nglish7's terms, Simple sentence contains one subject and one verb. To build a sentence, we then need some elements, like noun or pronoun, adjective, adverb and verbs. Here, they are called "Core elements".

Further, the Core elements create two kinds of basic sentence, they are:

1. Verbal Sentence
2. Nominal Sentence

KEY1 : Verbal sentence is a sentence which contains lexical-meaning-verb inside of the sentence,

For examples:

1. He goes to school.
2. Anthony falls in love with Maria.
3. Mostly people in Indonesia like running a business.
4. Bali creates its a uniquee place to visit.

Because the sentences above have a lexical-meaning-verb (goes, falls, like, and creates) then we call it the verbal sentence.

KEY2 : Nominal Sentence is a sentence which contains Structural-meaning-verb inside of the sentence,

For examples:

I am a new manager in my own company.
Whatever he does is true.
She will be back soon.
The man is innocent.


Look! we can find the "BE" which is used as a verb in the sentences above, like /is/, /am/, and /be/. Therefore, the sentences above are called "Nominal Sentence".


Study this following illustration!





What about this sentence below?

He is speaking English Fluently.


Is the be /is/ a verb (or structural-meaning-verb) ? or which one is the real verb?.

To question above leads us to the function of "BE". Therefore, let's read all the previous posting that discusses about it. Click here for the details of "BE".

Then, Study this follows carefully!

1. It is me. (note: The use of /me/ in this sentence is informal. you should use /I/ to make it formal).

2. Both of them are detectives.

3. She is deligent.

4. Budianto is always on time to get to work.

5. She works hard all day long.



No.(1) to (4) is a nominal sentence and no.(5) is verbal sentence. To know more details about the differences between nominal and verbal sentence is to look at the predicate used.

In the first sentence, the predicate is pronoun /me/. Then, the word /detectives/ is a noun. The phrase /deligent/ is an adjective and the phrase /on time/ is an adverb (adverb of time). Here, we can make conclusion that Nominal Sentence must use the predicate which comes from Pronoun, Noun, Adjective or adverb.





In number (5) The sentence /she works hard all day long/ has predicate /works/. This predicate is a verb (Lexical-meaning-verb). This sentence is called "Verbal Sentence". Here, we can make a conclusion that a verbal sentence will have a predicate in Verb or lexical-meaning-verb form.



To make you understand this lesson as deep as possible, please mention what kinds of words are being used in these following sentences and what kind of sentence are there, verbal or nominal sentence?

Study more carefully!

1. Ahmad Solihin is very busy now.

2. The supervisor is not in today.

3. Indonesia will require many experts.

4. The investors are interested in running their business in Indonesia.

5. Lampung is one of the provinces in Sumatera.

6. Siti aminah is helping the doctor.

7. Eva sulastri is married.

8. Her baby looks handsome.

9. To know much about me, please call me tonight.

10.He cares of people.

11.What I want to do now is to go on a picnic.

12.I am bored of going fishing.


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