English Grammar In Focus
Learning English Grammar As A Foreign Language

date: March 4, 2010

STEP-11 : UNDERSTANDING NONPROGRESSIVE VERBS

Belajar Bahasa Inggris Grammar & Conversation Lengkap
Click here to read Step-10...

KEY : Nonprogressive verbs are kinds of verbs which can not be used to build a progressive tense.

For examples:

1. I am thinking about the problem .
2. I think you need a help.


In sentence 1, the verb /thinking/ describes an activity in progress. It is called "progressive Verb".
In sentence 2, the verb /think/ describes state (mental state). It is called "Nonprogressive Verbs".

There are 5 types of verbs which is included as Nonprogressive Verbs, they are :

1. Emotional State

e.g. love, like, appreciate, hate, dislike, fear, mind, care, etc.

2. Sense Perceptions

e.g. taste, smell, hear, feel, see, etc

3. Mental State


e.g. Know, realize, understand, recognize, believe, feel, imagine, doubt, forget, remember, prefer, need, require, mean, want, think, suppose, etc.

4. Possession


e.g. Possess, have/has, own, belong

Note : Besides, Read more ...... .
Be and (o)r linking-verb can be as nonprogressive verbs, such as /seem/, /look/, /appear/, /turn/, /go/, /get/, /grow/. The verb, like, /cost/, /owe/, /weigh/, /exist/, /consist/, /contain/, and /include/

To understand the differences, specially, in usage, what to take notice is : When a verb is used in a context/sentence, Does it describe an activity in progress or states?

For examples:

- I am having trouble.
- I have a car.


From the examples above, we can see the use of /have/. Sometimes we get difficult which one the correct is, /having/ or /have/, or even /has/. But please understand me that there's no /has + ing ---> hasing/ in English Language. I swear for this! (laughing ....).
In sentence /I am having trouble/, the verb /having/ describes something happens in progress. The indicator is /having trouble/.

That will be different when you say :

I have a problem.

Perhaps, your friends will reply .... "Every body has, pal!". But, when you say /I am having trouble/, your friends will consider that there is something wrong with you, with your job, etc., and need a help right now to overcome the problem. The point is that the sentence brings a process of action, not in a sudden meaning!

When you say : "I have a car". Perhaps, your friends will reply : "Oh, really!?". So, It is impossible for you to say : " I am having a car ".

The sentence doesn't mean that after verb /have/ you need to add adjective, noun, adverb or other words. But the point is that you need to read the full context or the sentence comprehensively.

If you have a question about this lesson, please leave your question by clicking this link ASK-GRAMMAR . I would try to answer your question as soon as possible.

Good Luck!

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