Noun is used in many cases of sentences in both English spoken and writing. The omission of a noun as one of a part of speech is impossible. Here in this chance, let me please give you the summary of a structure of noun in a sentence.
1.Subject of verb
Noun is used as a subject of verb in a sentence. Verb, in this case, can be a structural-meaning verb or lexical-meaning verb. And, the subject is placed before the verb.
Structural-meaning verb : Andi is confused.
Lexical-meaning verb : Mita call him many times over.
2.Object of Verb
e.g. Lina puts the books on the table
3.Object of preposition (after a preposition)
e.g. I took it from john.
4.Complement (after a certain verb)
a).Subjective (after verbs like /be/) e.g. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is the president.
b).Objective e.g. People elects Obama president.
e.g. John waited at the bus stop (before a noun)
e.g. John, president of his club, gave a speech. (after a noun)
e.g. John, Come here! (Usually at the beginning of the sentence)
FORM OF NOUN
/-s/ or /-es/
e.g. She tells me something.
e.g. One of the students washes the curtains.
's (Possessive). we usually call it "Aphostrophe /s/"
e.g. Andi's pen was stolen by his friend.
/-ment/, e.g. Management, derived from the verb /manage/
/-ion/, e.g. collision, derived from the verb /collide/
/-a(e)nce/, e.g. absence, attendance, silence, derived from the adjective /absent/, the verb /attend/ & the adjective /silent/
/-ure/, e.g. failure, derived from the verb /fail/
/-age/, e.g. marriage, derived from the verb /marry/
/-th/, e.g.depth, width, derived from the adjective /deep/ and /wide/
/-ness/, e.g. kindness, derived from the adjective /kind/
/-hood/, e.g. brotherhood, derived from the noun /brother/
/-ship/, e.g.friendship, derived from the noun /friend/
/-ity/, e.g. ability, derived from the adjective /able/
/-ing/,e.g. speaking, derived from the verb /speak/
For a person:
/-er/, e.g. thinker, derived from the verb /think/,
except : rice cooker and cook
cooker is denoted to /a tool which is made from physical materials, like ; iron, etc/
cook can be as a Verb and as a noun (denoted to profession)
I am a cook. (a profession)
I cook rice. (Something to do or act)
/-or/, e.g. actor, derived from the verb /act/
/-ist/, e.g. scientist, derived from the noun /science/
/-ant/, e.g.applicant, derived from the verb /apply/
/-ian/, e.g. musician, derived from the noun /music/
Determiner is a group of indicators as a characteristic of a word and its function.
the, e.g. the book (Where there's a /the/, there will be a noun)
my, e.g. my pen.
this, e.g. this house.
four, e.g. four tables.
some, e.g. some apples.
large___ , e.g. large house. (here, /house/ is described as a big and wide building)
in----, e.g. in home. ( to build an adverb of place)
Bus ---, e.g. bus stop.