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Basic English Grammar
Tanggal Terbit: March 29, 2010

STRUCTURAL OF NOUN


Noun is used in many cases of sentences in both English spoken and writing. The omission of a noun as one of a part of speech is impossible. Here in this chance, let me please give you the summary of a structure of noun in a sentence.

1.Subject of verb


Noun is used as a subject of verb in a sentence. Verb, in this case, can be a structural-meaning verb or lexical-meaning verb. And, the subject is placed before the verb.

For examples:

Structural-meaning verb : Andi is confused.
Lexical-meaning verb    : Mita call him many times over.

2.Object of Verb
e.g. Lina puts the books on the table

3.Object of preposition (after a preposition)

e.g. I took it from john.

4.Complement (after a certain verb)

a).Subjective (after verbs like /be/) e.g. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is the president.
b).Objective e.g. People elects Obama president.

5.Noun Adjunct
e.g. John waited at the bus stop (before a noun)

6.Appositive
e.g. John, president of his club, gave a speech. (after a noun)

7.Direct address
e.g. John, Come here! (Usually at the beginning of the sentence)

FORM OF NOUN

Inflectional Endings
/-s/ or /-es/
e.g. She tells me something.
e.g. One of the students washes the curtains.

Possessive;
's (Possessive). we usually call it "Aphostrophe /s/"
e.g. Andi's pen was stolen by his friend.




Derivational Endings:
/-ment/, e.g. Management, derived from the verb /manage/
/-ion/, e.g. collision, derived from the verb /collide/
/-a(e)nce/, e.g. absence, attendance, silence, derived from the adjective /absent/, the verb /attend/ & the    adjective /silent/
/-ure/, e.g. failure, derived from the verb /fail/
/-age/, e.g. marriage, derived from the verb /marry/
/-th/, e.g.depth, width, derived from the adjective /deep/ and /wide/
/-ness/, e.g. kindness, derived from the adjective /kind/
/-hood/, e.g. brotherhood, derived from the noun /brother/
/-ship/, e.g.friendship, derived from the noun /friend/
/-ity/, e.g. ability, derived from the adjective /able/
/-ing/,e.g. speaking, derived from the verb /speak/

For a person:

/-er/, e.g. thinker, derived from the verb /think/,

except : rice cooker and cook
cooker is denoted to /a tool which is made from physical materials, like ; iron, etc/
cook can be as a Verb and as a noun (denoted to profession)


For examples:

I am a cook. (a profession)
I cook rice. (Something to do or act)

/-or/, e.g. actor, derived from the verb /act/
/-ist/, e.g. scientist, derived from the noun /science/
/-ant/, e.g.applicant, derived from the verb /apply/
/-ian/, e.g. musician, derived from the noun /music/

Determiner:
Determiner is a group of indicators as a characteristic of a word and its function.

the, e.g. the book (Where there's a /the/, there will be a noun)
my, e.g. my pen.
this, e.g. this house.
four, e.g. four tables.
some, e.g. some apples.

Descriptive adjectives:


large___ , e.g. large house. (here, /house/ is described as a big and wide building)

Prepositions:

in----, e.g. in home. ( to build an adverb of place)


Other nouns:


Bus ---, e.g. bus stop.

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