Basic English Grammar
Tanggal Terbit: February 11, 2010


KEY : Conjunction is a word to combine between Sentence and other or, word and word.

To understand The usage of conjunction in English Language, Let's study these following cases of sentences.


For examples:

Andi and Iwan are learning English Grammar.
What would you like to drink, coffee or tea?

In the first sentence, /Andi/ and /Iwan/ are combined by conjunction "AND". Iwan or Andi is a noun. In the second sentence, the noun /coffee/ is combined to the noun /tea/.
In this case, we can make a temporary conclusion that Conjunction can be used to combine two or more nouns.


For example:

She makes a conclusion and they realize the action.

In the sentence above, we can see that the conjunction /and/ is used to combined between two sentences, they are:

1. She makes a conclusion.
2. They realize the action.

In this case, we can make second conclusion that a conjunction can be used to combined two or more sentences.


For examples:

Mila and I was dancing together at that night.

Here, The noun /Mila/ is combined to the pronoun (or subjective pronoun) /I/. In this case, we can say that a conjunction can be used to combine between Noun and pronoun.


Shinta and a group of divers went to the beach at night.

In sentence above, we can make a futher conclusion that a Conjunction can be used to combine between a noun /e.g. shinta/ and a prepositional phrase /e.g. a group of divers/. On the other hand, a conjunction can combine between a noun and a phrase.

From a series of case study above, we can make temporary conclusion that there are four uses of conjunction in English Language, they are:

1. To combine a Noun and a Noun,
2. To combine a sentence and a sentence,
3. To combine a noun and a pronoun,
4. To combine a Noun and a phrase.

Besides, A Conjunction is also used to make sentence more efficient, like:

To master English Grammar and Conversation, students have to practise everyday.

In the sentence above, Basically, there are two phrases inside the phrase /to master English Grammar and conversation/, they are;

1. To master English Grammar,
2. To master English Conversation.

Because the verb /master/ in no. (1) and no.(2) are the same, then, we do not need to write or say that again (twice), so this rule makes English Sentence more Efficient.

Further, a Conjunction /and/ can be used to make a course of math operation, like:

two and two make four (2+2=4).

Here, a conjunction /and/ is the same as plus (+) in math operation.


There are many kinds of conjunction in English and they have various functions or uses. In this chance, let's study this step by step to achieve the highest comprehension about Conjunction.

A. Correlative Conjunctions.

There are 6 correlative conjunction in English, they are:

1. Either .... or ....
2. Neither .... nor ....
3. Both .... and ....
4. Not only .... But also ....
5. Whether .... or ....
6. Though .... yet ....

For examples:

This rock is either valuable or expensive.
What you discussed in the meeting neither necessary nor important.
He can speak both English and German very well.
I don't know whether you are hungry or thirsty.
Though he got a bad mark, yet he still studied hard.

Note that
, /whether .... or...../ can be used to make a sentence like this;

I don't know whether you understand this lesson or not.

When you make a sentence by using the conjunction above, the first blank and the second blank should be similar. It means that, when the first blank is noun then the second blank must be noun as well, except /whether ... or .../. Because this conjunction can use /not/ after /or/.

Classes of Conjunctions

1. Simple Conjunctions

   And, but, for, or, nor, also, so, thus, then, if, after, etc.

2. Compound Conjunctions

   Besides, Therefore, furthermore, moreover, whereas, till, untill, before, because,       although, though, since, that, etc.

3. Complex Conjunctions

   In order that, in order to, in fact, as a matter of fact, on condition that, even if, As though, As if, Inasmuch as, provided that, as well as, as soon as, even though, ever since,

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