Basic English Grammar
Tanggal Terbit: February 4, 2010


Here, the definition of one word or phrase or title of topic or lesson will be discussed independently and the author has his own method to reach tightly relation between the English lesson and this blog's readers or learners. One thing what makes me to perform this is to make this lesson easy and simple to understand specially for level beginner.

Verb is a vital word. This word needs to be paid close attention by you. Both transitive verb and intransitive verb have their own form and when one of them is being used in a context, the difference can be found there.

Read this following example!

1. He kicks the ball.
2. The beautiful woman smiles sweetly.

Both the word "Kick" and the word "Smiles" are verbs. Both of them denote their own action. Those verbs represent something done by the doer (or subject ---> /he/ and /the beaurtiful woman/. However, they have a different tendency.

The verb "Kick" is a verb which needs an object as its target. The object, in this case, is /the ball/. When we say that there is something that 'we kick', something is the object and the object must be noun, pronoun or noun phrase. it depends on the speakers of what kind of object he/she would like to.
When the verb has an object and the object is to indicate the action or verb, the verb is called "Transitive verb".

The verb /kick/ in the first sentence is different of the verb /smile/ in the second sentence. The verb /smile/ doesn't have an object. The word /sweetly/ is an adverb of manner (adverb of manner is an adverb that modifies one condition or method or way to do something).

In order to encertain the explanation above, there is one exact method to prove whether the verb is in transitive or not.
" Tell me, please! ", you said.


To change the active voice into the passive voice is the best method to encertain whether the verb is in transitive or intransitive verb.
In 'He kicks the ball' is possible to change into passive voice, look at this example below!

Active Voice    : He kicks the ball.
Passive Voice    : The ball is kicked by him. (TRUE)

Now, try to change the sentence 'The beautiful woman smiles sweetly' into passive voice.

Active Voice    : The beautiful woman smiles sweetly.
Passive Voice    : ..... smiled sweetly by the beautiful woman. (FALSE)

For the conclusion, The Transitive verb needs an object and can be changed into Passive voice. And the intransitive verb doesn't need an object and CAN NOT be changed into Passive Voice.

Study this following examples and find the differences!

She always sends a piece of letter to her boy-friend.
All people gathered in the yard.
The old man never came back again.
She said that she would stay at home during summer.
One of the students gets the best mark for Biology Subject.
The English teacher punishes his students.
I am lonely.
She laughs at me.
Nita blamed me for the problem.

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