KEY : Present Progressive tense is used to express an activity or something happens that is in the present time and at the moment of speaking. It began in the recent past, is continuing at present, and will probably end at some point in the future (Betty Scrampfer Azar, 11 : 1989).
Sometimes, learners get difficult to understand this tense. It is because present progressive tense has two tendencies in practising, they are:
1. At the moment of speaking.
2. In the present time.
When we say that you are doing something At the moment of speaking, it means that you must have been doing it right now or at the moment you are speaking.
Dani : What are you doing, Tom?
Tom : I am watching TV.
From the dialog above, the sentence /I am watching TV/ describes that you are watching TV at the moment you are speaking or REPLYING dani's question.
When we say that you are doing something in the present time, it means that what you do in the present time doesn't mean you are doing it at the moment you are speaking. Read more ...... .
Situation : (having a dinner in a restaurant ....)
Dani : What do you do now?
Tom : I am an engineer. I am working with an incredible team.
The sentence /I am working with an incredible team./ describes that what you do now doesn't occur at the moment of speaking. On the other hand, it doesn't mean that Tom is sitting at her desk with pen in hand together with his team. This means that present progressive tense is also used to express something generally happens in progress such as, this week, this month, this year, etc (Betty Scrampfer Azar, 11 : 1989).
Besides, Present progressive tense also describes what will happen in the future (prediction).
I am going to bandung tomorrow.
Take notice that /be going to/ in the sentence above is not a form of /be going to/ in the future tense. Because after the word /to/ is not an infinitive or a lexical-meaning-verb, but a noun or a name of a place in Indonesia. It means that the sentence is in present progressive tense.
The sentence above, furthermore, expresses something happens right now, in progress and probably happens in the future /tomorrow/.
From the discussion above, we can make conclusion that Present progressive tense is used to Express something happens :
1.at the time of speaking.
2.generally in progress
3.which is being planned or predicted will probably happen in the future time.
Use /be-present/ to make a progressive tense structure:
(+) You are playing guitar now.
(-) You are not playing guitar now.
(?) Are you playing guitar now?
Take notice that you just place /not/ behind the be-present to make a negative sentence and place the be-present in the beginning or before subject to make an interrogative tense.
Ways to answer a question in present progressive Sentence :
- Yes, I am.
- No, I am not.
I'm sure that you have already learned about The Uses of /BE/. If not, please click here
The use of /be/ (is,am,are) in the present progressive tense is as an auxilliary. So, the Present Progressive tense or other kinds of progressive tenses in English Grammar must be in Verbal Sentence Form. What about Nominal Sentence in Progressive Tense?. Because of no certain structure available or found (as far as I do my research), Let me say that Nominal sentence in Present Progressive tense is the same as Nominal Sentence in Simple Present Tense.