Basic English Grammar
Tanggal Terbit: June 14, 2010


Most of Indonesian learners find difficulties in Expressing a Question. They do not know when to use questions words or other, say, particles, like do, does, did, have ,etc to construct a question. Here, Let me help you with it.

There are two types of questions In English, they are:

1. Yes/No Question, and
2. WH-Question.

Yes-No Question is a question which has only two answers logically needed, they are: [yes] or [No].
This type of question is characterized by placing One Auxilliary in the beginning of a sentence.

For example:

Do you know me?

The word "DO" is one of auxilliaries in English. You can use, like; Does, did, have, has, will or others and "be" instead /do/. However, the use of each auzilliaries above depends on the type of sentence and tense being used.

For instance, you would like to give one a question about what he or she did in the night weekend. 
Then you can say:

"Did you find my key last night?"

Here, you use /did/. It is because the event you are asking about is in the past. Therefore, you need two things to make a question [Yes-No Question].

First, The Point of Time [tenses].
Second, The construction.

Take notice that the construction here includes two things, they are:

a). Kind of Auxilliary you need.
b) Where Aux. will be placed.

Talking about Present Tense, you will find /Do/ and /Does/ In a form of Verbal sentence. When the subject is, say, /She/, you need /Does/ as the auxilliary then.


Wh-Question is question words which are prefixed by /Wh-/, like:

What (To ask about things - subject, object or complement)
Where (To ask about place - adverb of place)
Which (To ask about choice)
When (To ask about time)
Who (To ask about person - Subject Oriented)
Whom (To ask about person - Object Oriented)
Whose (To ask about Possession)
Why (To ask about Reason)

and also, How (To ask about Condition, method or manner).

When you use Wh-Question in your Question, you just place it in the beginning of the sentence. The use of Auxilliary depends on the kind of wh-question you use.

For examples:

What is he doing?

The word /what/ above is to ask about a thing. In the example, it asks about duty, obligation, activity at a time of speaking (Present Progressive Tense). Then you need the be /is/. It is because /is/ is used by the subject of /he/ and the construction of Present Progressive Tense.

/Subject/ will be omitted when you use /Who/ in your question. 

For example:

Who is speaking to him?

In the sentence above, the subject /he/ or /she/ or (may be - /it/) is omitted. Why? It is because, the Question word /who/ asks about Subject/Person/.
The be will be omitted when the sentence is expressed something happenned in the completely past time.

For example:

Who sold your car?

The word /sold/ is second verb or the past form verb. Here, we do not need a /be/.

As a conclusion, English Question takes close attention to:

1/ Type of Question
2/ Tenses
3/ Agreement

Have a nice day!

English Lesson #1

How to understand English Sentence or Structure

taken from: Every languages has its own uniqueness as well as English language. In English grammar, structure points to h...

Popular English Lessons

English For Basic Learners. uses cookies to help google service, personalise ads, and more. By visiting us you agree with our Cookies & Privacy policy.