Noun is one of parts of speech as well as one of parts of a full sentence beside other words, like pronoun (subjective pronoun) and phrases. Noun is also used as the name of a person, place, thing (physical, e.g. table, book, pen, house, building, etc. or abstract, e.g. development, betterment, learning, etc). 

Kinds Of Nouns
  • Proper noun is a noun which refers to particular thing, like Mr.Brown, India,  Bali, Hendric. Here, proper means one's own (Wren & Martin, 1996). For examples, Mr. Brown is a lawyer. Mr. Brown is a proper noun and it positions at a subject.
  •  Common noun is a general noun. In other words, common noun refers to something general or the opposite of proper noun, like country, man, building, etc.
           Please compare the two opposites below for your review:

           Mr. Brown >< man
           India >< country
           Building >< house

Common noun includes a collective noun. A collective noun is the name of number (or collection) of persons, things taken together and spoken of as one whole (Wren & Martin, 1996), like crowd, fleet, herd, etc.

For example:

A fleet of ships
A crowd of people
A herd of cattle

Abstract Nouns
Abstract noun is noun which refers to something abstract and only able to feel in mind or feeling, like kindness, whiteness, hardness, honesty, wisdom, etc. Futher, abstract noun usually closes to something specific in relation to quality, action or state meaning.

For example:

Quality > Darkness covers long night.
Action > Movement of women emancipation starts now.
State > Youth is the happiest time.

Noun as an element of a sentence
Noun is usually positioned at a subject and (or) object. Look at this following!

A cat jumps into the water.
He needs confirmation from the reservation staff.


A cat jumps into the water.

He needs confirmation from the reservation staff.

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