Basic English Grammar
Tanggal Terbit: April 16, 2011


There are 20 to 36 verb patterns in English language. They indicate how verbs are structured or built in sentences. What do they look like? All verb patterns will be posted and discussed in this page step by step and I hope that I can give you the details.

Verb Pattern 1
Subject + Verb .

For example:

Tom sleeps.
Sun rises.
She is crying.

The italic words are verbs. They are intransitive verbs which have complete sense and do not need other words to describe the action or what the subjects do.

Compare the following sentences:

(1) He helps me.
(2) He helps.

In sentence (1), there is an object (objective pronoun /me/) after the verb transitive verb /helps/. In sentence (2), we find that there is no objects placed there. In sentence (2), the sentence does not have complete sense. It must be added what or who he helps even what for. In sentence (1), it has complete sense because it has an object after the verb /helps/.

When the Intransitive verb is used, the object, e.g. objective pronoun (/me/, /her/, /them/, etc), noun or noun phrase is not needed. It is because the Intransitive verb has had complete sense without them.

Study this follows!

(1) She cries.
(2) She cries for me.

In sentence (1) /cries/ is in intransitive verb. It has had complete sense. So, it does not need an object. In sentence (2) /for me/ is not an object. It is a complement. We can see it through the preposition /for/ which is used before the objective pronoun /me/.

This pattern is the simplest one in English verb patterns. It just has one subject and one verb. Remember that the verb which is used in this pattern is in Intransitive verbs which does not need an object and can not be transformed into Passive voice.

For example:
(Change into passive voice if you can!)

He is sleeping in the bedroom now.

English Lesson #1

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