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Basic English Grammar
Tanggal Terbit: August 11, 2012

Present Continuous Tense



USAGE: Present Continuous Tense is used to express something being done or still going on at this moment or right now.
KEY: Use the combination of “Be-Present and the –ing form verb” (present participle form)!

VERBAL SENTENCE

Study this following formation!

SUBJECT
BE-PRESENT
-ING FORM VERB
OBJECT/ ADVERB/ COMPLEMENT

For Examples;

            I am reading a novel
            She is watching TV now
            They are helping their parents in the farm
            Many people are gathering in the hall
            Listriani and Ririn are playing hide-and-seek with their friends
            My uncle, Hairoman, is typing a letter for his friends
            Imran is building a house.

            The Present Continuous Tense also talks about something being done in a process of time or action, likes;

            Mr.Ancah is studying in Indonesia University. He takes English Department. He is in his bedroom right now. He is learning phonology.

The first sentence tells us the process of action/activity, and the second one tells us about something being done right now. It means that he doesn’t go to Campus right now because he is learning phonology in his room.

Study this follows!

The sixth-year students of SDN Druju 2 are going to Borrobudur Temple next month.

The sentence above talks about the plan to go to Borobudur temple in the future time – next month. It means that they are not going there right now.
There are some verbs which can be used to express the future action in the context of present continuous tense. They are; see, visit, go, come, leave,

For Examples;

            I am going to her house tonight.
            My father is leaving for Australia next week.
            They are seeing their mother-in-law tomorrow.
           
            To make a negative sentence, put “not” behind the Be-present, likes;

            The girl isnot cooking in the kitchen.
            We aren’t having a party tomorrow, right? *)

Notice that the word “Having” is not the same as the “have”  like in this below;

            I have a pen.     (saya punya sebuah pena)

That will be wrong when we say; I am having a pen. (Wrong!)

Compare the two of sentences below!

(i)  I think the food is very nice and delicious.                   (right)
(ii) I am thinking the food is very nice and delicious         (Wrong)

There are many verbs which can be formed into this tense, they are; like, have/has, blame, doubt, apologize, realize, seem, appear, look like, touch, etc.

Put the Be-present at the beginning when we would like to make an Interrogative sentence!

For Examples;

            Are you having a meeting with the Manager?
            Is he talking about his problem?
            Are they singing “I have a dream” on the stage?
            What are you doing?
            How are you doing?     (this question is similar to How are you?)
           

NOMINAL SENTENCE

KEY: Nominal form of Present Continuous Tense is the same as the Nominal sentence in the Simple Present Tense.

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